The following article describing the Moscow session appears in the May 25, 2007 issue of

Executive Intelligence Review.

FETE FOR PROFESSOR MENSHIKOV

LaRouche in Russia Is Featured Guest at Academy of Sciences

by Rachel Douglas

Russian-American relations—adversarial as they

were during the Cold War and collaborative as they might

become in the next 20 to 50 years if the outlook and policies of

Franklin Roosevelt were revived in the United States—were

the thread running throughout the Russian Academy of

Sciences celebration of the 80th birthday of Stanislav

Mikhailovich Menshikov, the prominent Russian economist.

Professor Menshikov introduced EIR founder Lyndon

LaRouche as his personal guest at the events, held May 15

and 16 in Moscow. LaRouche's own contributions, and

responses to them by Academicians, other Russian

economists, and specialists in international affairs, shaped

an impassioned discussion of the Earth's next two to five

decades.

During his short visit to Moscow on this occasion,

LaRouche was in demand for a series of newspaper, Internet,

and television interviews. In all these exchanges, LaRouche

stressed the urgent need for such changes in the U.S.

government, as would allow an American approach to Russia,

China, and India with a proposal to immediately organize a

new, development-oriented international monetary system.

This "four-nation" policy for cooperation on transforming the

world economy through the high-technology development of

Eurasia, in particular, was put forward by LaRouche as a path

away from the looming danger of spreading "permanent war,"

and into the development of our planet, for which the next

generations thirst. LaRouche emphasized that Russia's own

scientific heritage, from the time of Peter the Great in the early

18th Century, through scientists of the stature of Dmitri I.

Mendeleyev and Academician Vladimir I. Vernadsky, will be an

essential element of the success of this effort.

Looking to 2027

At a special gathering, held in Menshikov's honor on

May 15 at the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences,

the retrospective on his long and varied career was also

transformed into a very forward-looking deliberation, by the

honoree himself. Menshikov keynoted the session with a

20-year economic and strategic forecast, looking at the world

as if from the standpoint of his 100th birthday, in 2027.

Menshikov first introduced his foreign guests,

starting with LaRouche and Helga Zepp LaRouche, founder of

the Schiller Institute. He then developed alternative scenarios

for Russia up to 2027, returning at the end of his lecture to

LaRouche and Zepp-LaRouche's Land-Bridge and New Bretton

Woods proposals as crucial to a shift for the better.

More than 50% of Russia's current economic growth,

Menshikov said, is derived from burning up the skilled labor and

fixed capital, created during the Soviet period. Those are "one-time"

factors, meaning that in order to grow, Russia cannot do without

new productive investment. President Putin took note of this in his

recent speeches, Menshikov said, by talking about the need for an

industrial policy. So far, Russian oligarchical capitalists do not want

to make productive industrial investments, despite exhortations from

Putin, but Menshikov pointed to the prospects for investment in

infrastructure opening the way to a better policy.

If one might expect the world's largest economies in 2027

to be those of China, the U.S.A., India, Japan, and Russia, Menshikov

said, clearly cooperation among them is essential. In particular, he

said that the LaRouche Land-Bridge program can restructure the

economies of all Eurasia.

This involves long-term projects, and thus the question of

financing is a serious one, which can be solved through LaRouche's

New Bretton Woods idea, Menshikov said. If Russia can rely on the

China-India-Russia Eurasian triangle, but not forget cooperation

with the industrialized nations, a "conflict-free situation" for

development may be created, as against the stagnation and downturn

that would otherwise occur.

Lyndon LaRouche addressed the meeting immediately after

Menshikov. He posed the question: What do we give to the future? In

a situation where practically every country in Europe to the west of

Belarus and Russia is close to being ungovernable and a "failed

state," LaRouche said, the need is to change the world agenda. While

politicians may be corrupt or incompetent, a quality of clearer thinking

is available, for example, in the U.S.A., from among senior professionals

in and around the institutions of government.

What happens in the next 20 years can be changed,

LaRouche said, but the question is, who will do it. Who will not only

forecast reality, but change it? LaRouche noted that President Putin

has repeatedly cited the legacy of Franklin Roosevelt, especially,

recently, in the context of the commemorations of World War II. Thus,

the United States must approach Russia, India, and China with a

Rooseveltian agenda for economic cooperation, subsequently

bringing in smaller nations. Russia's scientific culture will be of great

importance, LaRouche concluded, in furthering a dialogue among

senior figures from those four countries, which will establish a sense

of the reality of the possibilities for large-scale economic recovery

and development.

Academician Valeri Makarov, a well-known mathematical

economist, presided over the Academy of Sciences special session

for Menshikov's jubilee. Among other speakers were Academician

Ruslan Grinberg, and Academician Alexander Granberg, who worked

with Menshikov in Novosibirsk. Last month, Granberg chaired the

Moscow conference on "Megaprojects of Russia's East: A

Eurasian-American Multimodal Transport Link Across the Bering

Strait." Representatives of the U.S.A.-Canada Institute of the Russian

Academy of Sciences and of the Higher School of Economics also

spoke.

The well-known former Pravda journalist Georgi Mirsky

described Menshikov as a “job-hopper,” who worked all over the

world, and always shared his talent. "You could never catch up with

Menshikov," he said.

Professor Menshikov's wife, the economist Larissa

Klimenko-Menshikova, as well as his daughters and other family

members, were with him throughout the celebrations.

Prof. Karel van Wolferen of the University of Amsterdam

read greetings from University of Texas at Austin Professor James

Galbraith, whose late father, John Kenneth Galbraith, had a long

and unique collaboration with Menshikov. Van Wolferen also made

remarks of his own. A message from another long-time friend and

associate of Menshikov, Prof. Angus Maddison of the University of

Groningen (the Netherlands) and the University of Brisbane

(Australia), was also read.

Love of Country, and Optimism

Dr. Sergei Glazyev, an economist who is a corresponding

member of the Academy of Sciences, arrived at the meeting directly

from business at the State Duma, of which he is a member. Glazyev

took up the difficulties of getting people to think (the Russian word

for the parliament, duma, comes from the word for thinking) the way

Stanislav Menshikov always has gotten people to think. He

congratulated Menshikov on the great accomplishments of his life

to date, which he said Menshikov had done, "with love for his

country, and the confidence to live according to his own mind."

Unlike some younger people who today are stuck in virtual

reality, Glazyev said, Menshikov has always been reality-oriented,

and, together with his willingness to look reality in the eye, he has

provided in Russia and elsewhere a tremendous charge of optimism.

The celebratory session at the Presidium of the Academy

of Sciences concluded with the presentation of three just-published

books, which were announced by Georgi Tsagolov, a former student

of Menshikov and now his co-author. One of them is the English

translation of Menshikov's The Anatomy of Russian Capitalism,

which EIR News Service brought out in March. This author, who

translated The Anatomy of Russian Capitalism, reported to the

meeting that the book is currently being circulated to members of

the U.S. Congress, who need to grasp what Menshikov can tell

them about the complex economic processes in Russia during the

last 15 years. The exchange of key publications between Russia

and America brings to mind, that 2007 also marks the 200th

anniversary of Russian-American diplomatic relations, and of the

publication in Russian of Alexander Hamilton's Report on

Manufactures.

Menshikov's memoirs, just published in Russian under

the title About Our Time and About Myself, were hailed by numerous

participants in the Academy session and the May 16 celebratory

banquet, for providing extraordinary insights into the history of the

past 65 years. The third just-published volume is a survey, by

Menshikov and Tsagolov, of some cases of Russian businesses

that have actually contributed to development of the Russian

economy, unlike the carpetbagging described in The Anatomy of

Russian Capitalism.

Next week EIR's report on LaRouche's visit to Moscow will continue,

with transcripts of presentations made at Professor Menshikov's

jubilee.